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Saturday, October 31, 2015

Learning Indirect Objects (Grammar #3)

Alrighty, we're back again with another grammar post! This time we'll be learning more about indirect objects as we only briefly covered them in the last post. I know that last post might have been a little confusing, but I am here to set things straight. Before that, let's do some haiku review to get our brain thinking.

Haiku Review (SVDO Sentences):

An SVDO
Sentence has a subject, verb
And direct object

Direct objects are
Receiving the action that's
Performed by the Sub.

These are examples
The dog slobbered on the man
The car hit the tree
 
           The last one was a little hard but I basically meant to say these are examples of SVDO sentences. Anyway, that was a good review, and got our brains thinking (hopefully) for the next lesson. And speaking of this lesson, here we go!

      So if you remember last time, I briefly mentioned Indirect Objects at the end of the post. Now there probably was some confusion because you may or may not have known what an Indirect Object is. Well, now we’re here to solve that.

      In order for a sentence to have an indirect object, it first must include a direct object. Now since we talked about DO’s (Direct Objects) in the last post, you should know what it is. Here’s an example sentence. Spot the direct object.

  1. Gregory answered a question in math class.

The direct object would be a question. An easy way to figure it out is to ask yourself what did he answer. He answered what? He answered a question. Now, there is no indirect object in that sentence, but we can fix that. Look at the sentence below and see if you can find the indirect object based on the first example.

  1. Gregory answered a question for his math teacher in math class.

The indirect object is part of the prepositional phrase for his math teacher. Just like direct objects ask who or what is receiving the action, the indirect object is the person or thing that gets the direct object. Let’s look at a couple more sentences to see if you guys understand. Some sentences will have an indirect object, but not all of them.

  1. The woman tossed a Frisbee to her dog.
  2. The policeman ordered the car to stop.
  3. The man wrote a letter to his niece.
  4. Wondering what they should get for dinner, the man ordered pizza for the kids.
  5. As I took my binder out of my book bag to give to my friend, my pencils rolled of the desk.

Did you guys get the hang of it? If you are still confused just remember this: Indirect objects only occur in a sentence if there is already a direct object. So if you don’t find a DO, look no further for an IO as it won’t be there. Anyway, that covers it for this lesson, and stay tuned for the next one!

- Jack Goodenough


1 comment:

  1. Jack, you've got some confusion about indirect objects here. Indirect objects (you are right about this) can only come in sentences with direct objects. But they also *have* to come before the direct object and they CANNOT be part of a prepositional phrase.

    SVIODO: I gave the man a mean look.

    NOT SVIODO: I gave a nasty look to the man.

    Does that help?

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